SMART CITY - Internet of Things

The main step towards becoming a smart city should be initiated at the strategic level. It includes energy, society, political economy, and quality of life.

What is a Smart City?

A city which is well equipped with the fundamental infrastructure and the folks enjoys a good quality of life and the viable environment through a series of smart solutions. The basic infrastructure includes a clean water supply, sanitation, efficient public transport, electricity supply, safety and security of citizens etc. A series of the smart solution includes public information, smart parking, renewable source of energy, intelligent traffic management system etc. The term Smart city varies from city to city and country to country. Still, now there is no exact definition for a smart city.

Globally, the percentage of migration is increasing each and every day from the rural to urban areas. A survey report says that by the year 2050, about seventy percent of the population will be living in the cities and it needs about five hundred cities. Here, India is no exception in it. A smart city is one where the information technology is the basic infrastructure and the basic elements for providing essentials to the residents. There are also many technological factors are included such as sensor networks, data centers etc.

The main step towards becoming a smart city should be initiated at the strategic level. It includes energy, society, political economy, and quality of life. Technical and the social innovations are the two major factors which provide the base for the several activities. Our main aim should be on education, culture, health, society etc. Networking and self- management are two most important pillars for a Smart city.

A clear definition of Smart City is defined as a clear urban space with the proper infrastructures, networks and millions of sensors and actuators etc. The folks themselves and their mobile telephones are also included. The major benefit of the advanced analytical technique is that it allows creating a kind of awareness and a clear understanding of the city which improves the provided services. There are many types of the initiatives which are a major part of the Smart City project. The most important vital elements of a Smart City are the Education and culture which includes the e-learning, teleporting, e-commerce etc.

What are the features of Smart City?

A Smart City has many highlighted features. There is a list of systems that will alert the drivers in case of any parking spot. The folks need not waste their precious time looking for a space to park and also it will be less polluted. The present transport system is an intelligent one and most of the transport systems are inter connected one. This allows for the public transports to be integrated and also to provide the data in the real time. In the future, the medical consultations will be no longer necessary one. With the aid of the monitorization systems, the frequent data about the blood pressure and the sugar can be updated.

The overall monitoring of the road systems will inform the drivers in prior about the best route at any given time. The small girds will provide the essential amount of electricity depending on the needs. The concept of Smart urban lighting will adjust the intensity of light depending on the folks. With the aid of the smart containers and fleet management system, the routes can be bespoken to any situation.

The folks rely on the several systems in the urban elements through their Smartphones. The consumers can book a taxi with the help of the app. The localization system helps to notify the closest one without the help of the human power. There exist many mobile applications for the taxi systems. In the future, the folks have the more chance to buy the ticket through the bill board.

The main objective of the Smart city projects is to improve the efficiency of the energy. The Smart cities offer the plan of increased public safety and the security by finding out the problems. In the future, the number of folks living in the cities is expected to move around seven billion. The continual rise in the number of folks in the urban areas has resulted in the over population in the modern cities, hence causing the environmental instability. The global Smart cities have gained a more growth and it has reached a significant rate.

What is the Strategy?

A Smart City has many highlighted features. There is a list of systems that will alert the drivers in case of any parking spot. The folks need not waste their precious time looking for a space to park and also it will be less polluted. The present transport system is an intelligent one and most of the transport systems are inter connected one. This allows for the public transports to be integrated and also to provide the data in the real time. In the future, the medical consultations will be no longer necessary one. With the aid of the monitorization systems, the frequent data about the blood pressure and the sugar can be updated.

The overall monitoring of the road systems will inform the drivers in prior about the best route at any given time. The small girds will provide the essential amount of electricity depending on the needs. The concept of Smart urban lighting will adjust the intensity of light depending on the folks. With the aid of the smart containers and fleet management system, the routes can be bespoken to any situation.

The folks rely on the several systems in the urban elements through their Smartphones. The consumers can book a taxi with the help of the app. The localization system helps to notify the closest one without the help of the human power. There exist many mobile applications for the taxi systems. In the future, the folks have the more chance to buy the ticket through the bill board.

The main objective of the Smart city projects is to improve the efficiency of the energy. The Smart cities offer the plan of increased public safety and the security by finding out the problems. In the future, the number of folks living in the cities is expected to move around seven billion. The continual rise in the number of folks in the urban areas has resulted in the over population in the modern cities, hence causing the environmental instability. The global Smart cities have gained a more growth and it has reached a significant rate.

Why do we need Smart Cities?

The main objective of a Smart city is to provide a good infrastructure to the folks such as twenty-four hours water supply, electricity supply etc. These data will be collected with the aid of the detectors and then it is gathered into the small grids finally fed into the systems. In order to make the city an efficient one, this process is done. It also provides the public data, electronic service delivery, hundred percent treatment of water waste, monitoring the overall water quality etc. The real fact is that Smart cities increase the developmental activities of a region. Many developmental activities such as building schools, organizations, shopping malls can also take place. These activities automatically benefit the folks, businesses, government, and environment etc.

The main target of a Smart city is that to build houses for all the folks including the poor people. About more than seventy percent of the folks would be living in the cities by the year 2050. Due to the reason of increasing urbanization, a better standard of living is the most required one. In order to proceed on with this, a feasible model of housing should also be developed. It is said to be that a Smart city provides many advantages and opportunities to the folks. The fact is that for the construction of a Smart city requires a lot of manpower and it lies in the hands of the present youngsters.

A recent report says that about seventeen percent reductions in the carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. There is ten percent decrease in electric energy consumption and about seven percent of the personal water consumption. About twenty-five percent savings in the transport requirements depend on the type of waste. The major objective of a Smart City must be a clear vision of the city that allows the services to be deployed based on the overall need. Most of the services are already moving initially towards the digital world and there is a major necessity is to exchange the data from the different management areas of the city in the real time.